Prevalence and diversity of Chlamydiales in Swiss ruminant farms.

Dreyer, Margaux Charline; Aeby, Sébastien; Oevermann, Anna; Greub, Gilbert (2015). Prevalence and diversity of Chlamydiales in Swiss ruminant farms. Pathogens and disease, 73(1), pp. 1-4. Oxford University Press 10.1093/femspd/ftu013

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Chlamydia and Chlamydia-related bacteria are known to infect various organisms and may cause a wide range of diseases, especially in ruminants. To gain insight into the prevalence of these bacteria in the ruminant environment, we applied a pan-Chlamydiales PCR followed by sequencing to 72 ruminant environmental samples from water, feed bunks and floors. Chlamydiales from four family-level lineages were detected indicating a high biodiversity of Chlamydiales in ruminant farms. Parachlamydiaceae were detected in all three types of environmental samples and was the most abundant family-level taxon (60%). In contrast, only one bacterium from each of the following family-level lineages was identified: Chlamydiaceae, Criblamydiaceae and Simkaniaceae. The observed high prevalence of Parachlamydiaceae in water samples may suggest water as the main source of contamination for ruminants as well as their environment due to spoilage. The absence of reported infections in the investigated ruminant farms might indicate that either detected Chlamydiales are of reduced pathogenicity or infective doses have not been reached.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Experimental Clinical Research
05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > NeuroCenter
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Dreyer, Margaux Charline and Oevermann, Anna

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

2049-632X

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Anna Oevermann

Date Deposited:

09 Jun 2016 14:04

Last Modified:

28 Apr 2018 02:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/femspd/ftu013

PubMed ID:

25854001

Uncontrolled Keywords:

bovines, caprines, environment, ovines, pan-Chlamydiales, PCR, sequencing

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.81969

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/81969

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