Association of the Intestinal Microbiome with the Development of Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration.

Zinkernagel, Martin; Zysset-Burri, Denise Corinne; Keller, Irene; Berger, Lieselotte Erika; Leichtle, Alexander Benedikt; Largiadèr, Carlo Rodolfo; Fiedler, Martin; Wolf, Sebastian (2017). Association of the Intestinal Microbiome with the Development of Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Scientific Reports, 7(40826), p. 40826. Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/srep40826

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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most frequent cause of blindness in the elderly. There is evidence that nutrition, inflammation and genetic risk factors play an important role in the development of AMD. Recent studies suggest that the composition of the intestinal microbiome is associated with metabolic diseases through modulation of inflammation and host metabolism. To investigate whether compositional and functional alterations of the intestinal microbiome are associated with AMD, we sequenced the gut metagenomes of patients with AMD and controls. The genera Anaerotruncus and Oscillibacter as well as Ruminococcus torques and Eubacterium ventriosum were relatively enriched in patients with AMD, whereas Bacteroides eggerthii was enriched in controls. Patient's intestinal microbiomes were enriched in genes of the L-alanine fermentation, glutamate degradation and arginine biosynthesis pathways and decreased in genes of the fatty acid elongation pathway. These findings suggest that modifications in the intestinal microbiome are associated with AMD, inferring that this common sight threatening disease may be targeted by microbiome-altering interventions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ophthalmology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR)

UniBE Contributor:

Zinkernagel, Martin; Zysset-Burri, Denise Corinne; Keller, Irene; Berger, Lieselotte Erika; Leichtle, Alexander Benedikt; Largiadèr, Carlo Rodolfo; Fiedler, Martin and Wolf, Sebastian

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2045-2322

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sebastian Wolf

Date Deposited:

02 Feb 2017 16:54

Last Modified:

05 Feb 2017 02:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/srep40826

PubMed ID:

28094305

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.93895

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/93895

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