Competitive climate and workaholism: Negative sides of future orientation and calling

Keller, Anita; Spurk, Daniel; Baumeler, Franziska; Hirschi, Andreas (2016). Competitive climate and workaholism: Negative sides of future orientation and calling. Personality and individual differences, 96, pp. 122-126. Elsevier 10.1016/j.paid.2016.02.061

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The perception of a competitive climate atwork createsstress, uncertainty, and a desire to outperform colleagues. In this study, we investigated whether a competitive climate is associated with increased workaholism. Furthermore, we assumed that especially employees with a future orientation and a presence of a calling will show more workaholic behavior when a competitive climate is present. Hierarchical regression analyses among 812 employees in Germany confirmed our hypotheses: Competitive climate was positively related with workaholism and was stronger related to workaholism underconditions of highfuture orientation and highcalling.These findings suggest that contextual factors at work and individual factors interact to form workaholism. Our results maybe explained by the experience of more uncertainty in competitive work climates for individuals with high futureorientation and the presence of a calling. Consequently, these employees may invest more physical and cognitive efforts into their work to cope with the competition.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Work and Organisational Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Keller, Anita (A), Spurk, Daniel, Wüest, Franziska, Hirschi, Andreas


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology








Christine Soltermann

Date Deposited:

31 Jul 2017 07:44

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2023 23:35

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

competitive climate, workaholism, future orientation, calling




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