The total number of acini remains constant throughout postnatal rat lung development.

Barré, Sébastien F; Haberthür, David; Cremona, Tiziana Patrizia; Stampanoni, Marco; Schittny, Johannes C (2016). The total number of acini remains constant throughout postnatal rat lung development. American journal of physiology - lung cellular and molecular physiology, 311(6), L1082-L1089. American Physiological Society 10.1152/ajplung.00325.2016

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The pulmonary airways are subdivided into conducting and gas-exchanging airways. The small tree of gas-exchanging airways which is fed by the most distal conducting airway represents an acinus. Very little is known about the development of the number of acini. The goal of this study was to estimate their number throughout rat postnatal development. Right middle rat lung lobes were obtained at postnatal day 4-60, stained with heavy metals, paraffin embedded, and scanned by synchrotron radiation-based X-ray tomographic microscopy or imaged with micro computed tomography after critical point drying. The acini were counted by detection of the transitional bronchioles [bronchioalveolar duct junction (BADJ)] by using morphological criteria (thickness of the walls of airways and appearance of alveoli) during examination of the resulting three-dimensional (3D) image stacks. Between postnatal days 4-60, the number of acini per lung remained constant (5,840 ± 547 acini), but their volume increased significantly. We concluded that the acini are formed before the end of the saccular stage (before postnatal day 4) and that the developmental increase of the lung volume is achieved by an increase of the acinar volume and not by an increase of their number. Furthermore, our results propose that the bronchioalveolar stem cells, which are residing in the BADJ, are as constant in their location as the BADJ itself.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Barré, Sébastien; Haberthür, David; Cremona, Tiziana Patrizia and Schittny, Johannes

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1040-0605

Publisher:

American Physiological Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

Johannes Schittny

Date Deposited:

12 Dec 2016 10:38

Last Modified:

02 Dec 2017 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1152/ajplung.00325.2016

PubMed ID:

27760763

Uncontrolled Keywords:

BADJ; BASCs; bronchioalveolar duct junction; bronchioalveolar stem cells; lung development; pulmonary acinus

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.91137

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/91137

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