A SYBRGreen-Based Real-time PCR Method for Improved Detection of Mcr-1-mediated Colistin Resistance in Human Stool Samples

Donà, Valentina; Bernasconi, Odette Joëlle; Kasraian Fard, Sara; Tinguely, Regula; Endimiani, Andrea (2017). A SYBRGreen-Based Real-time PCR Method for Improved Detection of Mcr-1-mediated Colistin Resistance in Human Stool Samples. Journal of global antimicrobial resistance, 9, pp. 57-60. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jgar.2017.01.007

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Background: The aim of this study was to design a rapid and sensitive real-time PCR (RT-PCR) method for colistin resistance mcr-1 gene detection in human fecal samples. Methods: Stools (n=88) from 36 volunteers were analyzed. To isolate mcr-1-producing Enterobacteriaceae samples were enriched overnight in LB broth containing 2 mg/L colistin and then plated in selective agar plates with 4 mg/L colistin. We then designed a SYBRGreen-based RT-PCR targeting the mcr-1. For method validation and to establish the limit of detection (LOD), total DNA was extracted from mcr-1-negative and mcr-1-positive E. coli. RT-PCR was also performed with DNA extracted from the 88 native stools and after enriching them in LB broth containing colistin. Results: Based on the culture approach, 3 unique volunteers resulted colonized with mcr-1-harboring E. coli strains. For culture isolates, our RT-PCR exhibited a LOD of 10 genomic copies/reaction with both sensitivity and specificity of 100%. Nevertheless, when testing native stools, only two out of the three mcr-1-positive specimens were detected. However, after enrichment in LB containing colistin, the RT-PCR was strongly positive for all culture-positive samples. The average cycle threshold was 22, granting rapid and confident detection of positive specimens within 30 cycles. No false-positives were observed for the remaining 85 culture-negative specimens. Conclusions: We developed a rapid RT-PCR for the detection of mcr-1 from stool specimens. We increased the detection rate by testing selective broth enrichments. This approach has also the advantage of concomitant isolation of the mcr-1-harboring strains for further antimicrobial susceptibility and genetic tests.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Donà, Valentina; Bernasconi, Odette Joëlle; Kasraian Fard, Sara; Tinguely, Regula and Endimiani, Andrea

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2213-7165

Publisher:

Elsevier

Funders:

[4] Swiss National Science Foundation

Projects:

[577] SNF project 153377 to Andrea Endimiani

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Endimiani

Date Deposited:

13 Sep 2017 12:42

Last Modified:

13 Sep 2017 12:51

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jgar.2017.01.007

PubMed ID:

28400211

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.93325

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/93325

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